Types of Amusement Devices

ADIPS is designed to help dutyholders meet their obligations under Health and Safety legislation.

The Health and Safety At Work etc. Act 1974 and subsequent regulations require any fairground equipment defined as “any fairground ride or similar plant designed to be in motion for entertainment purposes with members of the public on or inside it or any plant which is designed to be used by members of the public for entertainment purposes either as a slide or for bouncing upon, and includes swings, dodgems and other plant which is designed to be in motion wholly or partly under the control of, or to be put in motion by a member of the public” to be tested at regular intervals by a competent person.

Amusement device is a broader term and includes fairground rides, transportable structures entered by the public (e.g. haunted houses, arcades, tents and booths) and shooting galleries where hazardous projectiles are fired.

The following are typical types of amusement devices:

Arcade
Arcade

Design review and assessment of conformity to design?

Yes(a)


Initial test?

Yes(a)


In-service annual inspection?

Yes(a)


Other important safety issues and comments

(a) Non-permanent structures only. For fire precautions see Appendix 6. Check electrical equipment at least annually.

Boats / Pedalos
Boats / Pedalos

Design review and assessment of conformity to design?
Yes


Initial test?
Yes


In-service annual inspection?
Yes


Other important safety issues and comments
Local authority enforced when used outside fairgrounds and amusement parks.

Cableway & Monorails
Cableway & Monorails

Design review and assessment of conformity to design?
Yes


Initial test?
Yes


In-service annual inspection?
Yes


Other important safety issues and comments
The Cableway Installations Regulations 20041 do not apply to cableway installations (on site or mobile) in fairgrounds or amusement parks that are designed for leisure purposes and not as a means of transport. They do however contain advice which may be useful.

Mobile climbing wall
Mobile climbing wall

Design review and assessment of conformity to design?
Yes


Initial test?
Yes


In-service annual inspection?
Yes


Other important safety issues and comments
Inspection should cover all parts of the equipment including ropes, harnesses and connections. Local-authority-enforced when used outside fairgrounds and amusement parks.

Coin-operated Amusement Device
Coin-operated Amusement Device

Design review and assessment of conformity to design?
Yes(b)


Initial test?
Yes(a)


In-service annual inspection?
Yes(a)


Other important safety issues and comments
(b) Devices outside the definition given in the Glossary require the full range of pre-use and in-service inspections. Local-authority-enforced when used outside fairgrounds and amusement parks.

Funhouse – with moving floors and slides etc.
Funhouse – with moving floors and slides etc.

Design review and assessment of conformity to design?
Yes


Initial test?
Yes


In-service annual inspection?
Yes


Other important safety issues and comments
May be ‘tented structure’ (see Appendix 6).

Hoopla or similar stall
Hoopla or similar stall

Design review and assessment of conformity to design?
No


Initial test?
No


In-service annual inspection?
No(c)


Other important safety issues and comments
(c) Periodic inspection of electrical equipment.

Hot dog or candy floss stall
Hot dog or candy floss stall

Design review and assessment of conformity to design?
No


Initial test?
No


In-service annual inspection?
No(d)


Other important safety issues and comments
(d)Periodic inspection of electrical equipment. Food safety legislation applies. See Appendix 6 for advice on gas safety.

Inflatable (bouncy)
Inflatable (bouncy)

Design review and assessment of conformity to design?
No (should conform to BS EN 14960)


Initial test?
Yes


In-service annual inspection?
Yes


Other important safety issues and comments
Supervision. Local-authority-enforced when used outside fairgrounds and amusement parks.

Miniature railway
Miniature railway

Design review and assessment of conformity to design?
Yes


Initial test?
Yes


In-service annual inspection?
Yes(e)


Other important safety issues and comments
(e) other legislation applying to rail bound transport systems may apply. Factors such as gauge, location of track etc determine Enforcement Authority of miniature railways which falls to HSE or ORR.

Other inflatable (not used for bouncing or sliding)
Other inflatable (not used for bouncing or sliding)

Design review and assessment of conformity to design?
Advised for safety-critical components


Initial test?
See design review if applicable


In-service annual inspection?
See design review if applicable


Other important safety issues and comments
Supervision.

Pneumatic or air-supported structure
Pneumatic or air-supported structure

Design review and assessment of conformity to design?
Yes


Initial test?
Yes


In-service annual inspection?
Yes


Other important safety issues and comments
For fire precautions see Appendix 6.

Ride, adult or juvenile+
Ride, adult or juvenile+

Design review and assessment of conformity to design?
Yes


Initial test?
Yes


In-service annual inspection?
Yes


Other important safety issues and comments

Road train
Road train

Design review and assessment of conformity to design?
Yes


Initial test?
Yes


In-service annual inspection?
Yes


Other important safety issues and comments
Driving licence recommended, may be compulsory on road. Training and supervision.

Rodeo bulls
Rodeo bulls

Design review and assessment of conformity to design?
Yes


Initial test?
Yes


In-service annual inspection?
Yes


Other important safety issues and comments
Local-authority-enforced when used outside fairgrounds and amusement parks.

Safety-critical parts of ride theming (may be part of an attraction or general site theming)
Safety-critical parts of ride theming (may be part of an attraction or general site theming)

Design review and assessment of conformity to design?
Yes(g)


Initial test?
Yes(f)


In-service annual inspection?
Yes(f)


Other important safety issues and comments
(f) A high degree of care should be applied to the safety-critical parts of any theming which could cause serious personal injury if they failed.

Self-drive, e.g. model cars, dodgems, karts
Self-drive, e.g. model cars, dodgems, karts

Design review and assessment of conformity to design?
Yes


Initial test?
Yes


In-service annual inspection?
Yes


Other important safety issues and comments

Shooting gallery (hazardous projectiles)
Shooting gallery (hazardous projectiles)

Design review and assessment of conformity to design?
Yes


Initial test?
No


In-service annual inspection?
No(g)


Other important safety issues and comments
Firearms legislation may apply. (g) Periodic inspection of electrical equipment.

Shooting gallery (non-hazardous projectiles)
Shooting gallery (non-hazardous projectiles)

Design review and assessment of conformity to design?
No


Initial test?
No


In-service annual inspection?
No(h)


Other important safety issues and comments
(h) Periodic inspection of electrical equipment.

Simulator
Simulator

Design review and assessment of conformity to design?
Yes


Initial test?
Yes


In-service annual inspection?
Yes


Other important safety issues and comments

Slide e.g. helter skelter, astroslide
Slide e.g. helter skelter, astroslide

Design review and assessment of conformity to design?
Yes


Initial test?
Yes


In-service annual inspection?
Yes


Other important safety issues and comments
Supervision.

Walk-through, e.g. haunted house, horror maze, mirror maze
Walk-through, e.g. haunted house, horror maze, mirror maze

Design review and assessment of conformity to design?
Yes


Initial test?
Yes


In-service annual inspection?
Yes


Other important safety issues and comments
May be ‘tented structure’ (see Appendix 6). (j) Will be a ride If containing moving floors or sides

Wall of death/ Globe of death
Wall of death/ Globe of death

Design review and assessment of conformity to design?
Yes


Initial test?
Yes


In-service annual inspection?
Yes


Other important safety issues and comments
Important to maintain structural integrity.

Water walkers
Water walkers

Design review and assessment of conformity to design?
Advised for safety-critical components


Initial test?
See design review if applicable


In-service annual inspection?
See design review if applicable


Other important safety issues and comments
Supervision.

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